Encompasses the city of Sarajevo and the wider Sarajevo Canton (which is located in the Federation of BiH, one of BiH’s entities), as well as the municipalities which are part of the neighboring parts of town and East Sarajevo (which is located in the Republic of Srpska, another BiH entity).
Many archaeological finds testify to the fact that the area taken in by Sarajevo was inhabited even during the Neolithic period. There is also evidence that the Illyrians were here and the medieval town of Hodidjed was located in what is now part of “Destination Sarajevo”. Nonetheless, the name Sarajevo comes from the Turkish words, saray = palace and ovasi = field, and this certainly points to the fact that it was founded by the Ottomans, when the Turkish governor, Isa Bey Ishaković, founded Sarajevo in the 15th century as the seat of Ottoman power for this region.
Those who take a stroll through Sarajevo will notice four distinct types of architecture, which reflect the city’s different historical periods.
The foundations of Sarajevo were laid during the first 150 years of Turkish rule and it was during this time that many architectural jewels were constructed, such as Gazi Husrev Bey’s Mosque, the Emperor’s Mosque, the Old Orthodox Church and Baščaršija, which was once a grand marketplace. At the beginning of the 17th century, Sarajevo grew into a vibrant community of craftsmen which served as a major trading center and later became one of the most important cities in the European part of the Ottoman Empire.
Another period that saw architecture flourish coincided with Austro-Hungarian occupation at the end of the 19th century and lasted until the First World War started in 1914. The modernization of Sarajevo included the installation of a public transport system, the first telephone line, etc. There were also many cultural and educational institutions that were founded, such as the National Museum and the National Theater. Other additions to the fast-growing city included Vijećnica (City Hall), the Aškenazi Synagogue and the Cathedral of Jesus’ Heart. Sarajevo’s development came to a halt on June 28, 1914, when Gavrilo Princip assassinated Franz Ferdinand, the Austro-Hungarian heir to the throne, and his wife Sophie. This set off a series of unfortunate events which eventually led to the outbreak of World War I.
At the end of the First World War, Sarajevo became part of the newly-formed Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes and it remained part of this state, which was later re-named the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, until the beginning of the Second World War, when it became part of the new Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
Sarajevo experienced massive damage during the Second World War so it didn’t simply undergo major reconstruction during the post-war years, but also enjoyed tremendous growth.By 1984, when it hosted the 14th Winter Olympic Games, Sarajevo had become a modern city with a population of more than 500,000.
On Trebević Mountain, which has always been the favorite for people from Sarajevo – nature lovers, we recommend a visit to Brus, which is 1129 meters high and only fifteen minutes away from the center of Sarajevo by car. Whether you are a fan of active vacation in nature, or you prefer to relax with a fire in the fireplace, this will give you an unforgettable ambiance for your quarters. Complete the ambience by taking a ride on the roller coaster in Sunnyland with a stunning view of Sarajevo or walking down the Olympic bob trail. The fastest way to go is to drive with cable car that starts from Bistrik. 33 cabs, capacity is 1,200 people, and drives at a speed of five meters per second, which means that the drive takes about seven minutes.
Spring of the
Either on foot or by cab, you reach the main attraction in Ilidža some 3.5 km along the alley of plane trees and chestnut trees, namely, the spring of the Bosna River, at the foot of Mt. Igman. The alley is made of two rows of 762 plane trees planted in 1892 and dozens of horse chestnut trees as surely the most beautiful tree row in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The spring of the Bosna River is an outstanding park with numerous streams forming lakes and islands in this geological, hydrological and botanical-horticultural phenomenon. The most beautiful one, however, is the source of the Bosna River, which springs from a number of karst springs at an altitude of 492 meters. The water is of exceptional quality; therefore, a pump station of the city water supply was built next to the spring. The nature here still exceeds the strength and beauty of anything else seen, making the spring of the Bosna River one of the most precious natural and tourist pearls of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Only 12 kilometers north of Sarajevo is the spectacular waterfall of Skakavac, 96 meters high. It takes about two hours to walk to Skakavac from the neighboring village of Nahorevo, which runs public transport and where there are two restaurants with a very good offer of food and drinks. And, if you decide to drive to the waterfall itself, then we recommend that you travel with a vehicle adapted for mountain hiking.
The Rakitnica River Canyon is one of the deepest canyons in Europe. It is a naturally created spatial space, a truly special space worth exploring. Throughout the canyon there are endemic specimens of flora and fauna. River Rakitnica is one of the biggest tributaries of the Neretva River. It created a 26 km long, inaccessible and incredibly beautiful canyon stretching between the mountains of Bjelašnica and Visočica, southeast of Sarajevo.